Customs tithes (Taxes)

Helena Trindade de Sá, Universidade Federal do Estado de Rio de Janeiro Since the Middle Ages, it was foreseen in feudal relations that vassals had the obligation to provide material and military aid to the lord, thus constituting the first approximation to taxation in modern times (AIDAR,2020:446). The process is related to a structural change …
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Juana Catalina Ramírez de Ugarte

José Carlos Vilardaga (Universidade Federal de São Paulo) Date of birth: around 1610 “Creole” wife of Salvador Correá de Sá e Benavides, son of Martim Correa de Sá and grandson of Salvador Correa de Sá, o velho, governors of the captaincy of Rio de Janeiro. Link to BRASILHIS Database: https://brasilhis.usal.es/es/personaje/juana-catalina-ramirez-de-velasco-ugarte Catalina Ramírez de Velasco Ugarte …
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New Christians

Janaina Guimarães da Fonseca e Silva (Universidade de Pernambuco) New Christians, descendants of Jews or Jews converted to Catholicism, played a prominent role in the colonization of the Americas, specifically in what would become Brazil. Despite the suffering generated by the dispersion at the end of the 15th century, due to the expulsion of Jews …
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