Luís Antunes

Birth: 1555, Évora. Apothecary. Link to BRASILHIS Database: Apothecary of Portuguese origin. He worked and lived in the city of Olinda, in Captaincy of Pernambuco. His apothecary shop and dwelling were located in front of the town’s Misericórdia. He also worked as a trader and sugar loader. The apothecary Luís Antunes, a new Christian, …
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Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen

Born in Dillenburg (Germany) in the Holy Roman Empire in 1604, Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen was the firstborn son of the marriage of Johan VII van Nassau-Siegen (1561-1623) to Margaretha van Holstein (1583-1658). In turn, Johan VII was the son of Johan VI van Nassau-Dillenburg (1535-1606), brother of Willem I (1533-1584), of Zwijger (the Silent), Prince of Orange, and one of the main leaders who worked for the formation of the Republic of the United Provinces of the Netherlands (Boxer, 2004: 94-95; Mello, 2006: 22-27; Mout, 1979: 14-17).

Antônio Paraupaba

Place and date of birth: Captaincy of Paraíba, 1595. Place and date of death: The Netherlands, 1656. Job title and main information: Indigenous interpreter and mediator (1631-1644). Regent and captain of the Indigenous of Rio Grande (1645-1649) and Brazil (1649-1654). Link to BRASILHIS Database: A Potiguara from the indigenous village (aldeia) of Tabussuram, located …
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Jorge de Mascarenhas

The year of Jorge de Mascarenhas’ birth is uncertain, some claim to have been in 1570, others in 1585, or even in 1579, as indicated by the most reliable source (WHITE, 2004), son of the marriage between Francisco Mascarenhas (c. 1530-1608), Portuguese admiral and governor of Hormuz between 1569 and 1572, and Jerônima de Castro Lima e Pereira, niece of Francisco Barreto, governor of India.

Manoel da Paz

Merchant of Portuguese origin. He developed his business in both Asia and Brazil, using his accumulated capital to become involved in the affairs of the Crown of Castile. In this way, he became one of Philip IV’s main financiers, standing out as an example of the close interrelation between the commercial circuits of the Iberian Atlantic and the Carreira da Índia.

Vitoria Correia de Sá

Date of death: 1667 Member of the Sá family, one of the most dominant in Rio de Janeiro in the 16th and 17th centuries. Married to Luis de Céspedes Xeria, governor of Paraguay. Administrator of one of the most important sugar mills in Rio de Janeiro. Link to BRASILHIS Database: Vitória Correia de Sá …
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Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa

Date of birth: 1530, España Cosmographer, navigator and governor of the lands of the Estrecho de Magallanes, author of “Viage al Estrecho de Magallanes em los años de 1579-1580 y noticia de la expedicion que despues hizo para poblarle” Link to BRASILHIS Database: Named “governor of the lands of the Strait of Magellan” in 1580 …
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Customs tithes (Taxes)

Since the Middle Ages, it was foreseen in feudal relations that vassals had the obligation to provide material and military aid to the lord, thus constituting the first approximation to taxation in modern times (AIDAR,2020:446). The process is related to a structural change in Western society that involved the forms of political domination. The centralization …
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Juana Catalina Ramírez de Velasco Ugarte

Date of birth: around 1610 “Creole” wife of Salvador Correá de Sá e Benavides, son of Martim Correa de Sá and grandson of Salvador Correa de Sá, o velho, governors of the captaincy of Rio de Janeiro. Link to BRASILHIS Database: Catalina Ramírez de Velasco Ugarte was one of the wealthiest people in the …
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