Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen

Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen. Theodor Matham, 510mmx392mm, 17th century. Rijksmuseum, The Netherlands, código RP-P-OB-23.218 Place and date of birth: Dillenburg, 1604. Place and date of death: Kleef, 1679. Job title and main information: Ensign in the cavalry of the Army of the Republic of the United Provinces of the Netherlands (1621-1626). Captain in the Army …
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Antônio Paraupaba

Bruno Miranda (Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco) Place and date of birth: Captaincy of Paraíba, 1595. Place and date of death: The Netherlands, 1656. Job title and main information: Indigenous interpreter and mediator (1631-1644). Regent and captain of the Indigenous of Rio Grande (1645-1649) and Brazil (1649-1654). Link to BRASILHIS Database: https://brasilhis.usal.es/es/personaje/antonio-paraupaba A Potiguara from …
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Diego Flores de Valdés

Date of birth: 1530, Asturias Date of death: 1595 Capitan-general, Navigator of the Spanish Armada Link to BRASIL database: https://brasilhis.usal.es/es/personaje/diego-flores-de-valdes Captain General Diego Flores de Valdés was one of the most prominent and experienced navigators of the Spanish navy, with over thirty years of service to the Crown. A noble Asturian, Flores de Valdés began his …
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Jorge Mascarenhas, 1º Viceroy of Brazil

Date of Birth: 1579? Date of Death: 1652 Iº Count of Castelo Novo Iº Marquis of Montalvão Iº Viceroy of Brasil (1639-1641) Link to BRASILHIS Database http://brasilhis.usal.es/pt-br/node/451 The year of Jorge de Mascarenhas’ birth is uncertain, some claim to have been in 1570, others in 1585, or even in 1579, as indicated by the most …
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Manoel da Paz

Date of birth: Olinda, 1580 Date of death: Madrid, 1640. Merchant. Link to BRASILHIS Database: http://brasilhis.usal.es/es/personaje/manoel-da-paz-manuel-de-paz Merchant of Portuguese origin. He developed his business in both Asia and Brazil, using his accumulated capital to become involved in the affairs of the Crown of Castile. In this way, he became one of Philip IV’s main financiers, standing …
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Vitoria Correia de Sá

Date of death: 1667 Member of the Sá family, one of the most dominant in Rio de Janeiro in the 16th and 17th centuries. Married to Luis de Céspedes Xeria, governor of Paraguay. Administrator of one of the most important sugar mills in Rio de Janeiro. Link to BRASILHIS Database: https://brasilhis.usal.es/es/personaje/vitoria-de-sa Vitória Correia de Sá …
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Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa

Sylvia Brito (Biblioteca Nacional de Brasil) Date of birth: 1530, España Cosmographer, navigator and governor of the lands of the Estrecho de Magallanes, author of “Viage al Estrecho de Magallanes em los años de 1579-1580 y noticia de la expedicion que despues hizo para poblarle” Link to BRASILHIS Database: https://brasilhis.usal.es/es/personaje/pedro-sarmiento-de-gamboa Named “governor of the lands of …
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Customs tithes (Taxes)

Since the Middle Ages, it was foreseen in feudal relations that vassals had the obligation to provide material and military aid to the lord, thus constituting the first approximation to taxation in modern times (AIDAR,2020:446). The process is related to a structural change in Western society that involved the forms of political domination. The centralization …
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Juana Catalina Ramírez de Ugarte

Date of birth: around 1610 “Creole” wife of Salvador Correá de Sá e Benavides, son of Martim Correa de Sá and grandson of Salvador Correa de Sá, o velho, governors of the captaincy of Rio de Janeiro. Link to BRASILHIS Database: https://brasilhis.usal.es/es/personaje/juana-catalina-ramirez-de-velasco-ugarte Catalina Ramírez de Velasco Ugarte was one of the wealthiest people in the …
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Manuel Vandale (Van Dale)

Date of birth: second half of the 16th century Date of death: first half of the 17th century Dutch merchant who visited Portuguese America on several occasions. His activity took place mostly in São Vicente, where he acted as merchant, but he developed other activities in Salvador, where his in-laws lived. Link to BRASILHIS Database: …
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